Many people fight breakouts with an acne cream. Use this information to help make an educated decision regarding how they work, and for who.
creams for acne -
Acne, probably the most common skin disease world over, may be treated with either local or systemic medications. Local treatment is in the form of acne creams and systemic treatment is in the form of oral medications.
Doctors usually recommend an OTC or prescription topical medication for people with mild signs of acne. Benzoyl peroxide, resorcinol, salicylic acid, and sulfur are the most common topical OTC medicines used to treat acne. Benzoyl peroxide is best at killing P. acnes and may reduce oil production. Resorcinol, salicylic acid, and sulfur help break down blackheads and whiteheads. Salicylic acid also helps cut down the shedding of cells lining the follicles of the oil glands. Topical OTC medications are available in many forms, such as gel, lotion, cream, soap, or pad. In some patients, acne creams may cause side effects such as skin irritation, burning, or redness. Usually the side effects lessen with continued use of the medicine.
Patients with moderate to severe inflammatory acne may be treated with prescription topical or oral medicines, alone or in combination. Topical medicines used to treat acne include antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide, tretinoin, adapalene, and azelaic acid. Antibiotics and azelaic acid help stop or slow the growth of bacteria and reduce inflammation. Tretinoin, a retinoid, is an effective topical medicine for stopping the development of new comedones. It works by unplugging existing comedones, thereby allowing other topical medicines, such as antibiotics, to enter the follicles.
Like OTC topical medicines, prescription topical medicines come as creams, lotions, solutions, or gels. The doctor will consider the patient’s skin type when prescribing a product. Creams and lotions provide moisture and tend to be good for people with sensitive skin. Gels and solutions are generally alcohol based and tend to dry the skin. Therefore, patients with very oily skin or those who live in hot, humid climates may prefer them. Some people develop side effects from using prescription topical medicines. Initially, the skin may look worse before improving. Common side effects include stinging, burning, redness, peeling, scaling, or discoloration of the skin. With some medicines, like retinoids, these side effects usually decrease or go away after the medicine is used for a period of time. Between 4 and 8 weeks will most likely pass before patients see their skin improve.
For patients with moderate to severe acne, the doctor often prescribes oral antibiotics. Oral antibiotics are thought to help control acne by curbing the growth of bacteria (acne vulgaris) and reducing inflammation. Clindamycin, erythromycin, tetracycline, minocycline, and doxycycline are common antibiotics used to treat acne. Some people have side effects when taking these antibiotics, such as an increased tendency to sunburn, upset stomach, dizziness or lightheadedness, and changes in skin color.
People with nodules or cysts should be treated by a dermatologist. For patients with severe inflammatory acne, isotretinoin, a retinoid, may be prescribed.
Acne in adult women may be due to an excess of androgen hormones. Low-dose estrogen birth control pills help suppress the androgen produced by the ovaries. Low-dose corticosteroid drugs, such as prednisone and antiandrogen drugs, such as spironolactone, may be helpful.
Early treatment is the best way to prevent acne scars. Once scarring has occurred, a superficial laser or dermabrasion may be used.
Skin care is of foremost importance in acne treatment. It is recommended that people with acne gently wash their skin with a mild cleanser, once in the morning and once in the evening and after heavy exercise. Some people with acne may try to stop outbreaks and oil production by scrubbing their skin and using strong detergent soaps and rough scrub pads. However, scrubbing will not improve acne; in fact, it can make the problem worse.
Many of the medicines used to treat acne can make a person more prone to sun damage. A sunburn that reddens the skin or suntan that darkens the skin and causes skin pigmentation may make blemishes less visible and make the skin feel drier. Patients should be reassured that drying does not cause wrinkles.